This book examines the Israel-Palestine conflict from a constructivist perspective of international relations. It explores the impact of competing international norms in the process of conflict resolution and in so doing, integrates theory, methods and research from the fields of international relations and Islamic studies. The book systematically argues that in the context of international norms and identity factors, a contemporary methodology for the reconstruction of jihad - from a doctrine based on the use of armed force to one that gives ‘Islamic' legitimacy to non-violent resistance - is essential for the achievement of a just peace.